Influence of industrial revolution on art development


The Industrial Revolution is a hugely influential factor on the development of art. Not only did it change the way we produce and create but it also affected the subject matter that artists could paint.

It pushed artists to depict different subjects in their work. It also made it easy for everyone to do their own art.


The Industrial Revolution in Europe during the 18th and 19th century spawned many artistic developments, most of which were influenced by Romanticism. It was an art movement that began as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution itself, and it developed into a cultural ethos that permeated much of modern culture.

Among Romantic artists, the emphasis on individuality, subjectivity and originality, as well as the notion of emotion and intuition, became central to their work. The notion of the sublime, an irrational and emotional experience based on nature, also became an important aspect of Romanticism.

Another factor that contributed to the influence of Romanticism on art development was the societal change brought about by the Industrial Revolution, which in Europe meant the migration of rural workers into metropolitan areas to work in factories. In addition to this, the pollution that resulted from this massive industrialisation was seen by Romantic artists as an abomination of nature and a source of deterioration for human beings.


The industrial revolution radically changed the way that society functioned. While the revolution brought a variety of new technology and conveniences, it also deepened the economic and social problems that existed prior to it.

In the 19th century, art development was influenced by these changes. Artists began to depict subjects that were not typically represented in previous art styles.

A major pioneer of the movement was Gustave Courbet, who challenged the art world’s conventions and began to depict peasants and laborers on a larger scale. This was an important step for realism, as it allowed artists to truly illustrate what life was like for the average person.

Courbet’s paintings were criticized by many of the audience, but his work also pushed artists to look at real life in a more realistic manner. He believed that the artistic tradition had made peasants and laborers appear healthy and happy, when in reality they were often depressed and unhappy.


Impressionism was an art movement that developed in France during the 1870s and was influenced by the industrial revolution. The rise of the railroads allowed Parisians to travel quickly and inexpensively into the countryside, giving artists the opportunity to paint from nature in a new style.

Artists like Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro were among the first to use the technique of painting en plein air, or in the open air, to capture the momentary effects of light on a subject. Their paintings often included a mix of brighter, less-blended colours, which emphasized the effect of light on their subjects.

Initially, this group of artists was rebuked by the conventional artistic establishment in France. The name impressionism was coined by Louis Leroy, in a hostile review of the group’s 1874 exhibition, when he accused them of only painting “impressions.” However, the name soon became widely accepted and the movement began to spread internationally. Today, impressionist paintings are considered some of the most desirable and collectible artworks in the world.

Arts and Crafts

The industrial revolution was a major development in history. It was a process that led to greater wealth, education, health and travel for many people around the world.

But it also had negative side effects. The influx of working-class labor into cities caused crowding and miserable conditions, and factories flooded towns with pollution that made life more difficult for the people living in them.

Arts and Crafts was a movement that emerged in the late 19th century as a reaction to these problems. Its members wished to restore the relationship between production and creative craftsmanship, and to reclaim precapitalist forms of culture and society.

This movement was primarily inspired by the imagery of nature and medieval art. Its practitioners sought to make design projects feel handcrafted and personal. Its influence can be seen in many modern brands.